Over 100 kinds of plants are mentioned directly or indirectly in the New and Old Testaments of the Bible.
The Land of Canaan is the country of origin of the “Seven Species”: wheat, barley, vine, fig, pomegranate, olive and date.
Wheat (Triticum durum). For the Lord your God is bringing you into a good land, a land of brooks of water, of fountains and spring, flowing forth in valleys and hills, a land of wheat and barley, of vine and fig trees and pomegranates, a land of olive trees and honey (Deuteronomy 8:7-8).
Pomegranate (Punica granatum). And the came to the Valley of Eschol, and cut down from there a branch with a single cluster of grapes, and they carried it on a pole between two of them; they brought also some pomegranates and figs (Numers 13:23).
Olive (Olea europea). The trees once went forth to anoint a king over them; and they said to the olive tree, “Reign over us”. But the olive tree said to them, “Shall I leave my fatness, by which gods and men are honoured, and go to sway over the trees?” (Judges 9:8-9).
Date (Phoenix dactylifera). The righteous flourish like the palm tree, and grow like a cedar in Lebanon. They are planted in the house of the Lord, they flourish in the courts of our God. They still bring forth fruit in old age, they are ever full of sap and green (Psalms 92:12-14).
Fig (Ficus carica). For behold, the winter is past; the rain is over and gone.The flowers appear on the earth, the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtledove is heard in our land.The fig tree ripens its figs, and the vines are in blossom; they give forth fragrance (Song of Solomon 2:11-13).
Vine (Vitis vinifera). Beholds, the days are coming, says the Lord, when the plowman shell overtake the reaper and the traeders of grapes him who sows the seeds; the mountains shell drip sweets wine, and all the hills shall flow with it (Amos 9:13).
Barley (Hordeum vulgare). So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabites her daughter-in-law with her, who returned from the country of Moab. And they came to Bethlehem at the beginning of barley harvest (Ruth 1:22).
Fonte “Beautiful Plants of the Bible”, David Darom.